Orthopedic surgery is a discipline that focuses on chronic injuries, congenital and inherited diseases, and chronic arthritic or overuse injuries of the joints, bones, and soft organs that surround them, such as nerves, ligaments, and muscles.
Most specialists like Dr. Juris Shibayama for orthopedic surgery in Tennessee operate in acute trauma with general surgeons, treating bone and stress fractures admitted via their respective A&E departments. The overwhelming number also have specialty expertise in one or more of the underlying orthopedic conditions.
To help you feel more secure, we’ve compiled a list of the most frequent orthopedic procedures.
1. ACL Surgery
ACL is an acronym for Anterior Cruciate Ligament. It is one of the most important ligaments in the knee. It is diagonally positioned in front of your knee and offers support when your legs rotate.
The physician will utilize a piece of a tendon from some other area of your body as a transplant to repair the damaged ACL during operation. Patients may often return home the same day as the operation if they adhere to the Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation treatment guidelines.
If you’re an athlete, have patience since it may take up to 12 months before you’re ready to resume your favorite sport.
2. Knee Replacement Surgery
A patient might require either partial or complete knee replacement surgery, based on the degree of the damage. Both are due to cartilage degradation in the knee joints, which restricts mobility and causes discomfort. It may be a result of trauma, bursitis, or obesity.
A complete knee replacement involves removing the whole injured knee joint and its reconstruction with metallic components. A partial knee replacement is done only on the injured section of the knee.
3. Shoulder Reconstruction Surgery
The surgeon cuts the top part of the humerus and substitutes it with a metallic ball during shoulder reconstruction surgery. The doctor will next substitute the injured part of the sockets with a plastic prosthetic. The rotator cuff will then stabilize anything.
If the rotator cuff is also damaged, the physician will conduct a Reverse Shoulder Substitution: the metallic ball is inserted into the socket. Also, a plastic prosthetic is secured to the humerus with plates and screws.
4. Hip Surgery
A ball-and-socket joint connects the femur to the pelvis. The femoral head is the upper part of the femur; it is the “ball” component. The acetabulum is the term used to refer to the “socket” part of the pelvis. When an individual’s hips are functional, everything fits comfortably collectively, with cartilage facilitating joint movement.
Hip surgery has two types: The conventional method involves replacing the whole ball and socket joint with a metal or plastic prosthetic; however, with the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing strategy, just the injured parts of the joint are changed, resulting in a less intrusive procedure that requires less healing period.
5. Knee Arthroscopy
Arthroscopic surgery is the least intrusive kind of surgery. The surgeon creates a small cut and implants a small camera connected to their tools, which allows them to look within your knee joint. The pictures are displayed onto a monitor, and your physician corrects the issue using the tiny equipment.
6. Shoulder Arthroscopy
This procedure is similar to a knee reconstruction, except that it is conducted on the shoulder. Additional minor surgeries are required to fix affected areas of the joint.
7. Ankle Reconstruction
If the ankle joint is weak following an injury, ankle reconstruction surgery is required. It indicates that the bones are not in an inappropriate position. During operation, the bones are realigned and kept together with prosthetics.
The victim should put on a boot or a cast for many weeks following surgery. When the ankle fractures have recovered, the client will carry loads and do rehabilitation activities to restore full strength and flexibility.
8. Spinal Surgeries
There are many kinds of back operations, including discectomy, spinal fusion, laminectomy, and kyphoplasty. They are all important because the backbone serves as the primary support for the skeletal structure as a whole. Luckily, most of these operations may be performed with little invasion.
9. Joint Fusion
This kind of operation is very common in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. During operation, the injured cartilage is scrapped and substituted with a transplant. After that, the bones that comprise the joint are fused to give joint strength. It is possible to do it on the fingers, spine, feet, and ankles.
10. Trigger Finger Discharge
Tendons connect the root of the finger to their fingertips. These tendons, coated in a protective case, enable individuals to move and flex their fingers. This tissue gets irritated when it is damaged. It inhibits the individual from completely extending their finger. This condition is referred to as “trigger finger.” There are three kinds of trigger finger surgeries, all of which need just local anesthetic. Additionally, the person is probably to be allowed to travel home the same day.