You’re standing before a gleaming used car, envisioning the open road, the wind in your hair, and countless memorable journeys ahead. But before you let your imagination run wild with road trip fantasies, you must perform a crucial step—checking the vehicle’s history by its secret code, the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
This in-depth tutorial will walk you through checking a vehicle’s history by VIN to help you make an informed choice and avoid potential pitfalls.
What is a VIN?
A Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is a unique alphanumeric code used to define individual motor vehicles, including cars, trucks, motorcycles, and various other types of vehicles. The VIN is a vehicle’s fingerprint; no two cars worldwide should have the same VIN.
It plays a central role in helping buyers make informed decisions when purchasing used vehicles. It also assists law enforcement agencies with vehicle identification and tracking.
The Importance of a VIN
The VIN is of paramount importance in the automotive world for a multitude of reasons. Here are key aspects highlighting the significance of the VIN:
Prospective buyers or owners can uncover crucial information about the vehicle’s past by running a VIN lookup through various databases and services. This history can include accident records, title issues, recalls, and service records.
Anti-theft and recovery
Law enforcement agencies use VINs to track and recover stolen vehicles. A stolen vehicle’s VIN is entered into national and international databases, making it challenging for thieves to sell or export the vehicle without detection. VINs are often etched onto the vehicle’s windows or parts, deterring theft.
Recalls and safety
Automakers use VINs to identify vehicles that may be subject to recalls or safety-related issues. It helps ensure that owners are notified promptly about potential problems and can take the necessary actions to address them, improving overall safety on the road.
How To Check Vehicle History by the VIN
Whether you’re a car expert or new to buying cars, knowing a vehicle’s history can help you avoid surprises and make the right choice for your needs. Follow these steps to check the vehicle’s history by its VIN.
Step 1: Locate the VIN
Typically, you can find the VIN in three primary locations:
- On the dashboard: Look through the windshield on the driver’s side, near where the windshield meets the dashboard. It’s usually visible from outside the vehicle
- Driver’s side door frame: Open the driver’s side door and examine where the door latches when closed. You’ll often find a sticker or metal plate containing the VIN there
- Vehicle registration and insurance documents: If you can’t find the VIN on the vehicle, check your registration and insurance documents
Step 2: Understand the VIN structure
A standard VIN consists of 17 characters (digits and letters). Each character has a specific meaning and provides information about the vehicle. The VIN structure is as follows:
- Digits 1-3 (World Manufacturer Identifier – WMI): These characters identify the vehicle’s manufacturer and the country where it was produced
- Digits 4-8 (Vehicle Descriptor Section – VDS): This section provides information about the vehicle’s make, model, engine type, and body style
- Digit 9 (Check Digit): This digit helps verify the accuracy of the VIN. It’s calculated based on the other characters in the VIN and helps detect errors or tampering
- Digits 10-17 (Vehicle Identifier Section – VIS): This section contains unique information about the specific vehicle, such as the production sequence number and other identifying characteristics
Step 3: Use a VIN decoder tool
You can use online decoder tools from various automotive websites and government agencies to simplify the VIN lookup process. Enter the 17-character VIN, and the tool will generate a report that breaks down the VIN’s information, providing details about the vehicle’s make, model, year, engine type, and more.
Follow the steps below:
- Enter the VIN: Carefully input the VIN on the website. Verify that you’ve entered it correctly
- Request the report: Follow the website’s prompts to request the information. You may need to create an account and provide some personal information
- Review the report: Once the tool generates it, review it carefully. Look for any red flags, such as accidents, title issues, or odometer discrepancies
Step 4: Interpret the Information
Once you have decoded the VIN, you can interpret the information to gain insights into the vehicle’s history and specifications. You can identify the vehicle’s manufacturing location, make, model year, and other relevant details.
While decoding the VIN provides valuable information about the vehicle, it doesn’t include specific historical data like accident reports or maintenance records. You may need a separate vehicle history report from a trusted provider for a comprehensive vehicle history.
Checking a vehicle’s history by its VIN is crucial in buying a used car. Following these steps and investing a little time and effort can enhance your confidence and peace of mind when purchasing a used vehicle.