A Comprehensive Overview of Small Business CGT Concessions

A Comprehensive Overview of Small Business CGT Concessions

A Comprehensive Overview of Small Business CGT Concessions

Small business capital gains tax (CGT) concessions are a set of tax benefits that have the potential to significantly reduce the amount of tax paid on the sale or disposal of a business asset. The complexity of these concessions can lead to confusion, so it is essential to understand the various types of concessions available, the eligibility criteria, and the potential benefits and disadvantages of these concessions for small businesses. 

The eligibility requirements for small businesses to qualify for CGT concessions are extensive and varied. These eligibility criteria include small business structure criteria and other conditions for eligibility. To qualify as a small business, organizations must have fewer than 500 employees or meet specific criteria such as revenue size or net worth. Small business CGT concessions at Mosaic Tax Legal that meet these criteria can then become eligible for various government programs and grants intended to help them grow and succeed.  

In addition to meeting certain structural criteria, small businesses must also meet industry-specific eligibility criteria to be considered a small businesses by the federal government. For example, some industries may have different revenue limits or employee counts than others when it comes to defining what makes an organization “small”. Ownership status is also a significant factor in determining eligibility for CGT concessions.  

The benefits of CGT concessions are significant for both individuals and small business owners. CGT concessions can be used to offset some or all of the taxable capital gain, resulting in a lower overall rate of taxation. Investors can reduce the amount of tax they owe on investments held over long periods without having to trade out or sell their assets prematurely. In contrast, small businesses may qualify for discounts if certain conditions are met, such as operating for less than 15 years and making up less than 80% of total turnover within an industry sector. These discounts allow small business owners to keep more profits in-house and potentially expand operations during profitable times. 

Most countries’ CGT systems also offer indexation relief, which reduces the taxable gain, providing further financial flexibility for investors and business owners. However, it’s important to note that CGT concessions can also come with some disadvantages. The most significant disadvantage is that they disproportionately benefit the wealthy. Generally, only those who have sizable investments and assets are able to take full advantage of them, leaving low-income earners with little or no benefit from CGT concessions. This can create an imbalance in the tax system, where wealthier individuals pay less in taxes than their lower-income counterparts.  

Additionally, CGT concessions can incentivize people to engage in risky investments and aggressive tax planning strategies instead of investing for long-term gain and stability. This type of behaviour may be beneficial for individuals looking for a quick return on investment but could have negative ramifications for the economy as a whole if too many individuals engage in this type of behaviour at once. Finally, CGT concessions can lead to complexity when it comes time to file taxes or seek advice from an accountant or financial advisor regarding how best to manage capital gains tax liabilities. 


Small business CGT concessions can be a valuable tool to reduce tax liabilities for small business owners. However, to benefit from these concessions, small business owners must understand the various types of concessions available, eligibility criteria, and the potential benefits and disadvantages of these concessions. When used appropriately, CGT concessions can be an effective way to reduce tax liabilities, but they are complex and require careful consideration. Small business owners must carefully evaluate the advantages and disadvantages before deciding to take advantage of CGT concessions.